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Dan Bridger Jewellery

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What do you need to know about buying a Diamond?


The 4 c's 'Carat'


Diamonds are weighed in carats with one carat weighing about the same as a paper clip, or 0.2 grams. Just as a pound is divided into 100 pennies, a carat is divided into 100 points which means that a diamond of 50 points weighs 0.50 carats. But two diamonds of equal weight can have very different values depending on their clarity, colour, and cut. Carat weight is the most intuitive of the 4Cs – you expect a larger diamond to be worth more.


Because they are created deep within the earth, most diamonds contain unique birthmarks called inclusions (internal) and blemishes (external). Diamonds without these clarity characteristics are rare – and rarity translates to higher cost when purchasing diamonds. Using the GIA Diamond Grading System, diamonds are given a clarity grade that ranges from Flawless to Included (I3).

I can supply certificated diamonds on request.
The un-certificated stones I supply are also specifically chosen for colour G/H/I and clarity around VVS – SI,  just in case this does not mean anything to you let us just say “bright white sparkly diamonds".


Flawless Perfect inside and out. No inclusions or blemishes visible to a trained jeweller, even under high magnification.

Internally Flawless Absolutely no inclusions inside of the diamond. Only very slight surface blemishes, most often from when the stone was cut,visible only to a trained jeweller under 10x magnification. 

VVS 1 or 2
Very Very Slight inclusions VVS1 takes a trained jeweller 10x magnification to detect the smallest inclusion which are extremely difficult to see.  The same with VVS2 but only slightly easier to find. Not visible to the naked eye. 

VS 1 or 2
Very Slight inclusions VS1 the inclusions are still invisible to the naked eye and are still somewhat difficult to find under 10x magnification. VS2 the inclusions are invisible to the naked eye but are now easy to see with magnification. 

SI 1
Slightly Included,Inclusions can now be seen with the naked eye but they are very tiny. 

SI 2
Slightly Included,Inclusions are small, but now easy to see with the naked eye. 

I1 or 2:
Included, Numerous inclusions through a large amount of the diamond, most of which are quite obvious. 
I 3:
Included, Very included. The inclusions are large and very obvious.  The number of inclusions could cause the diamond to be structurally weaker.

Diamonds are valued by how closely they approach colourlessness – the less colour, the higher the value. Most diamonds found in jewellery stores run from colourless to near-colourless with slight hints of yellow or brown. The only exceptions are the fancy-colour diamonds that lie outside of this range.


The Diamond Cut

It seems miraculous that the traditional 58 tiny facets in a round cut diamond, each precisely cut and sharply defined, may be only two millimeters in diameter. But without this precision, a diamond wouldn’t be near as beautiful as it is. Without a doubt, the allure of a particular diamond depends more on cut than anything else.

Though extremely difficult to analyse, the cut of a diamond has three attributes: brightness (the total light reflected from a diamond), fire (the dispersion of light into the colours of the spectrum), and scintillation (the light flashes – or sparkle – when a diamond moves).An understanding of diamond cut begins with the shape of a diamond, with the standard round brilliant dominating the majority of diamond jewellery. All other diamond shapes are known as fancy shapes or fancy cuts and include the marquise, pear, oval, and emerald cuts. Hearts and a variety of other new shapes are also gaining popularity.


Avoid conflict diamonds
If you are a conscious shopper, you will ask more questions when shopping for diamonds that just about the details of the stone. You should inquire if the stones you are admiring with the possibility of purchasing are non-conflict diamonds. The answer you receive should satisfy your mind that these diamonds have not come from a country where the sale of diamonds is used to cause bloodshed and terror for others.

Non-conflict diamonds do not look any different from other diamonds so there is no way you can identify them by looks alone. The appraisal report, whether it is of EGL loose diamonds or from another gemological appraisal facility will not be able to give you the answer either. Conflict diamonds, also called blood diamonds, should be a cause for concern because they come from countries in Africa where they are used to provide financing for wars and military action against innocent people. In short rest assured that all the diamonds used in the manufacturing process I supply come from non-conflict sources.....